AI: From Mind-Blowing to Creative to Transformative

Koushik Chakroborty
4 min readSep 7, 2023

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Artificial intelligence (AI) is a powerful and pervasive technology that can do amazing, innovative, and impactful things that were once considered impossible or unimaginable. In this blog post, we will explore how AI can enhance human creativity, transform the way we work, and create new opportunities and challenges for us as individuals and as a society.

What is AI and how does it work?

AI is the science and engineering of creating machines or systems that can perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as learning, reasoning, understanding, communicating, etc. AI can be divided into two main types: narrow AI and general AI.

  • Narrow AI is the type of AI that can perform specific tasks or solve specific problems, such as playing chess, recognizing faces, translating languages, etc. Narrow AI is based on rules, algorithms, or data that are predefined or learned by the machine or system.
  • General AI is the type of AI that can perform any task or solve any problem that a human can do, such as writing novels, composing music, inventing new things, etc. General AI is based on self-awareness, creativity, or intuition that are inherent or acquired by the machine or system.

AI works by using various methods and techniques that are inspired by or mimicking human intelligence, such as:

Machine learning (ML) is the method of AI that enables machines or systems to learn from data or experience without being explicitly programmed. ML can be further divided into three main types: supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning.

  • Supervised learning is the type of ML that enables machines or systems to learn from labeled data or examples. For instance, a machine or system can learn to classify images of cats and dogs by being given images with labels of “cat” or “dog”.
  • Unsupervised learning is the type of ML that enables machines or systems to learn from unlabeled data or patterns. For instance, a machine or system can learn to cluster images of different animals by finding similarities or differences among them.
  • Reinforcement learning is the type of ML that enables machines or systems to learn from their own actions and feedback. For instance, a machine or system can learn to play a game by trying different moves and getting rewards or penalties based on the outcomes.

Deep learning (DL) is the technique of ML that enables machines or systems to learn from complex and high-dimensional data using multiple layers of artificial neural networks (ANNs). ANNs are mathematical models that simulate the structure and function of biological neural networks in the brain. DL can be used for various tasks such as natural language processing (NLP), computer vision (CV), speech recognition (SR), etc.

  • NLP is the task of DL that enables machines or systems to understand and generate natural language texts or speech. For instance, a machine or system can learn to answer questions, summarize texts, write captions, etc. by using NLP techniques such as natural language understanding (NLU), natural language generation (NLG), etc.
  • CV is the task of DL that enables machines or systems to understand and generate images or videos. For instance, a machine or system can learn to recognize objects, faces, emotions, etc. by using CV techniques such as image recognition (IR), face recognition (FR), emotion recognition (ER), etc.
  • SR is the task of DL that enables machines or systems to understand and generate speech sounds or signals. For instance, a machine or system can learn to transcribe speech to text, synthesize text to speech, translate speech to speech, etc. by using SR techniques such as speech recognition (SR), speech synthesis (SS), speech translation (ST), etc.
A galaxy being created from the other end of a black hole depicting the creative and transformative side of AI

Generative AI is the type of AI that enables machines or systems to create new content or data that is not based on existing inputs but on learned patterns and rules. Generative AI can be used for various tasks such as image generation (IG), text generation (TG), code generation (CG), etc.

  • IG is the task of generative AI that enables machines or systems to create realistic and novel images or videos by using generative models and algorithms such as generative adversarial networks (GANs), neural style transfer (NST), etc. For instance, a machine or system can learn to create images of animals, landscapes, faces, etc. by using IG techniques such as GANs, NST, etc.
  • TG is the task of generative AI that enables machines or systems to create coherent and relevant texts or speech by using generative models and algorithms such as transformers, recurrent neural networks (RNNs), etc. For instance, a machine or system can learn to create texts of stories, articles, captions, etc. by using TG techniques such as transformers, RNNs, etc.
  • CG is the task of generative AI that enables machines or systems to create functional and efficient code or programs by using generative models and algorithms such as neural code generation (NCG), neural program synthesis (NPS), etc. For instance, a machine or system can learn to create code of websites, apps, games, etc. by using CG techniques such as NCG, NPS, etc. Read More…

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Koushik Chakroborty

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